Virtuous Virtues
Commit to Intellectual Virtues: The hallmark of the strong-sense critical thinker is the embodiment of and deep commitment to intellectual virtues, or the development of intellectual character. Yet, the extent to which anyone lives in accordance with these virtues on a daily basis is a matter of degree. No one can achieve the status of ideal thinker, exhibiting these characteristics at all times. This is why the most advanced thinkers see themselves as “aspiring critical thinkers” rather than fully “critical thinkers.”
Intellectual virtues include, but are not limited to: fairmindedness, intellectual perseverance, intellectual integrity, intellectual humility, intellectual empathy, intellectual courage, intellectual curiosity, intellectual discipline, confidence in reason, and intellectual autonomy.

Intellectual traits are interdependent. Each is fully developed only in conjunction with the development of the others. They develop only through years of commitment and practice. They cannot be forced upon you, but can be cultivated through encouragement and example.
By working through the activities in this section you will begin to better understand intellectual virtues and how to develop them. Many of these activities were slightly modified from activities that can be found in the book: Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of your Professional and Personal Life by Linda Elder and Richard Paul (2014, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall). This book is also recommended for deeper understanding of intellectual virtues.
Read more about intellectual virtues before beginning these activities...

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